The Board of Regents and the New York State Education Department have authorized the State University of New York Polytechnic Institute to confer the following undergraduate degrees: Bachelor of Professional Studies, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Arts, and Bachelor of Business Administration.

SUNY Poly offers Master of Science degree programs in accountancy, advanced technology, computer and information science, family nurse practitioner, health informatics, information design and technology, nanoscale engineering (Albany campus), nanoscale science (Albany campus), network and computer security, nursing education, and transformational leadership in nursing. SUNY Poly also offers a Master of Business Administration degree program in technology management. Advanced certificates are offered in computational mathematical modeling, data analysis, family nurse practitioner, forensic accounting and valuation, nursing education, psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner, and transformational leadership in nursing. SUNY Poly offers Ph.D. programs in Nanoscale Engineering (Albany Campus) and Nanoscale Science (Albany Campus). SUNY Poly offers a Doctor of Nursing Practice in Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner.